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The clarity of a diamond is the measure of small imperfections on the outside and inside of the stone. Internal imperfections are known as inclusions, whereas surface imperfections are known as blemishes. Since most inclusions are invisible to the unaided eye, they usually have little effect on the beauty of a fancy diamonds. Diamonds Deller often refers to inclusions as inner features as opposed to defects. The character of a natural diamond is derived from its intrinsic characteristics. It is also worth noting that the diamonds with the fewest and smallest inclusions are given the highest clarity ratings, which is reflected in the higher prices.

Diamond clarity:-
The quality of a diamond is described by the term "diamond clarity." It exhibits the grades that are there. The four C's that make up its clarity stand for the four qualities of a diamond. A diamond contains a lot of inclusions. This darkens his skin and ruins the appearance of the diamond because of its inclusion. Inclusion is solids, liquids, or gases that were trapped in a mineral as it formed, inclusion, may contain diamond crystal. Most inclusions in diamonds do not affect diamond performance or structural integrity. There are some inclusions that are not visible to the eyes.
Diamonds with higher clarity grades are more valuable and extremely rare. Diamonds with minor defects are useful. As synthetic diamond technology improves it becomes somewhat more difficult to differentiate between natural and synthetic diamonds. Inclusions and flaws come in a variety of shapes and sizes. such as cleavage, bearding, laser lines, feather inclusions, diamond cavities, pinpoints, and crystal or mineral inclusions. flaws such as nicks, abrasions, pits, and black patches.

How to measure the clarity of diamond:-

A scale is given by GIA to represent the clarity of the diamond. The clarity of a diamond is determined by the absence of its defects. As an important part of diamond grading, the accepted standard for finding out the clarity of a diamond is to examine the stone using a 10X microscope with a trained naked eye.
The "diamond Grading and Rating" method, developed by Richard T. Liddicott, Marquis Persson, Joe Phillips, Robert Crowningshield, and Bert Krashes, was first proposed in 1952. He finished this project in 1953. He created a clarity scale with nine levels of clarity. Flawless (FL), very slightly included (VS1, VS2), slightly included (SI1, SI2), very slightly included (VS1, VS2), and imperfect (I1, I2). In 1970, the system was modified. Due to GIA's observation that many diamonds were being forcefully cut to remove any surface flaws, an internally flawless grade was initially created. This modification is represented by the grades VS3 and I1. The addition of the I3 grade was the second modification to the grading scheme.

What clarity is best for a diamond:-

Flawless clarity is the best for a diamond with no internal inclusion and blemishes and VS clarity is best for buyers because The defects in this are so small that they cannot be seen with the eyes. They are mostly used for rings. Inclusions are so few in the VS that they can be seen only from the loupe without seeing it, it will be completely visible. The value of a diamond is affected by 4cs. Clarity characteristics can have a negative effect on a diamond's value, No two diamonds have exactly the same inclusions, they can help identify different stones.